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Information and Communication Technology in School Education

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CHALLENGES AND ISSUES

Challenges before the Education System in India

  • Concerns of reach and access to education continue to attract widespread attention of all segments of society. Following sustained initiatives spread over many decades, the country can today boast of perhaps one of the largest ever schooling systems. With increased throughput, and ever increasing numbers of students aspiring for higher education, concerns of equity in education and issues of quality have also begun to attract attention.
  • The challenge of developing alternate modes of education, continuing education, teacher capacity building, information systems for efficient management of the school system are being addressed. With Information and Communication technologies becoming more accessible, reliable and mature,the prospect of leveraging ICT for education is becoming increasingly feasible.

 

Information and Communication Technologies in Schools

Information and Communication Technologies have enabled the convergence of a wide array of technology based and technology mediated resources for teaching learning. It has therefore become possible to employ ICT as an omnibus support system for education. The potential of ICT to respond to the various challenges the Indian education system poses are:

  • ICT can be beneficially leveraged to disseminate information about and catalyze adaptation, adoption, translation and distribution of sparse educational resources distributed across various media and forms. This will help promote its widespread availability and extensive use.
  • There is an urgent need to digitize and make available educational audio and video resources, which exist in different languages, media standards and formats.
  • Given the scarcity of print resources as well as web content in Indian languages, ICT can be very gainfully employed for digitizing and disseminating existing print resources like books, documents, handouts, charts and posters, which have been used extensively in the school system, in order to enhance its reach and use.
  • ICT can address teacher capacity building, ongoing teacher support and strengthen the school system’s ability to manage and improve efficiencies, which have been difficult to address so far due to the size of the school system and the limited reach of conventional methods of training and support.
  • Using computers and the Internet as mere information delivery devices grossly underutilizes its power and capabilities. There is an urgent need to develop and deploy a large variety of applications, software tools, media and interactive devices in order to promote creative, aesthetic, analytical and problem solving abilities and sensitivities in students and teachers.

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